Anti-Psychotic Drugs: 10 Things You Should Know About Pills for Delusions and Hallucinations

Anti-psychotics (also known as neuroleptics and major tranquillisers) are a broad group of drugs routinely used within psychiatric services to treat the psychotic symptoms of what psychiatrists refer to as ‘schizophrenia’. The most common psychotic symptoms are auditory hallucinations (hearing voices that others cannot hear), delusions (fixed beliefs held with total conviction in the absence of evidence to support them) and thought disorder (where a person’s thoughts seem jumbled and confused).

Standard textbooks of psychiatry typically claim that the development of anti-psychotic drugs revolutionised the treatment of mental illness and was pivotal in promoting care in the community by allowing the closures of the huge and soulless psychiatric asylums. Complementing these lofty assertions, the pharmaceutical industry spends vast amounts of money advertising their products, often claiming success rates in excess of that suggested by the scientific evidence.

If a person is unfortunate enough to experience distressing psychotic symptoms, and seeks help from psychiatric services, he will almost certainly be prescribed an anti-psychotic drug. But what is the truth about these chemicals? What follows are the facts about these medications. In providing this information it is hoped that it will help psychosis-sufferers to make an informed decision as to whether or not to voluntarily take anti-psychotic drugs.
1. Chlorpromazine: the first anti-psychotic drug

The original research effort that ultimately led to the discovery of chlorpromazine, the first anti-psychotic, was concerned with striving to develop a drug that produced more sedation and indifference in patients undergoing surgery. In 1950, a chemist named Paul Charpentier developed a number of substances for this purpose, the most effective being a compound he named RP4560 (chemical name, chlorpromazine). A surgeon, Henri Laborit, trialled it as an anaesthetic booster and found it worked well in calming patients during operations and reducing the risk of shock. Further research around the same time reported that chlorpromazine made rats indifferent to pain.

The transition to use with mentally-ill patients was conducted by two psychiatrists, Jean Delay and Pierre Deniker, who published a study in 1952 where they injected chlorpromazine into 38 psychotic patients residing in a Paris hospital. They reported marked improvements in psychotic symptoms and emotional behaviour. Other successful trials followed, and by the mid 1950s chlorpromazine was increasingly used in the USA and other western nations for the treatment of psychosis and mania. Chlorpromazine subsequently spawned the development of many other anti-psychotic medications (see next section).
2. The distinction between typical and atypical anti-psychotic drugs

Anti-psychotic drugs can be divided into two broad categories, typical and atypical. Typical anti-psychotics, of which chlorpromazine was the first, are also referred to as ‘first generation’ and were developed from the 1950s onwards. A list of the more common typical anti-psychotic medications, along with their trade names, is given in Table 1.

Typical anti-psychotics are believed to have their effects by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain. Dopamine is one of a group of chemicals called neurotransmitters that allow brain cells to communicate with each other. The specific roles of dopamine include muscle movement, motivation and the mediation of feelings of satisfaction. There is some evidence that too much dopamine activity in parts of the brain can result in hallucinations, delusions and thought disorder. By blocking the dopamine receptors, and thereby reducing dopamine activity, psychotic symptoms may be reduced.

Microchips Improve Patient Compliance with Smart Pills

Smart Pills to Improve Patient Compliance

Medical services are able to measure patient compliance with their medications by utilizing microchips. A Swiss pharmaceutical company called Novartis is testing technology that inserts a tiny microchip into each pill the patient swallows, typically called smart pills. This microchip signal is detected by another chip that is placed in the patient’s shoulder, and a text message is then sent to the patient if they forget to take their pill on time. The technology has obviously improved patient compliance. This could certainly be useful for the elderly or perhaps someone with some mental impairment. Obviously, if you require a particular medication it will be more effective if taken as prescribed at about the same time each day.
Will Medical Records Remain Private?

Some people are concerned that their private medical treatment might not be kept private if a computer or smart phone is receiving their personal information. While it would be a helpful reminder for someone who forgets to take his or her pills, it will also be in a patient’s record. Our medical records should be private between us and our doctors, but, of course, your insurance company has a record of all medications and procedures since they pay for them. Could a non-compliant patient be penalized is some way if they don’t take their medication? Could the government get involved if you were non-compliant and receiving medicare?

For instance, I have a physician that always wants to increase my prednisone when I am having lung problems, but I have found this is a very temporary fix with serious side effects, so I choose not to increase the dosage. Could there be a day I when lose my insurance for not following this advice? Obviously this is just speculation on my part, but it is food for thought.
IPill
National Geographic
National Geographic
Smart Pills for Diagnosis

Smart pills have another advantage in their ability to effectively target specific areas of the stomach and intestines, which results in using drugs with lower doses, thus less side effects. Smart Pills are being used in six sites in the United States and has the potential to assist pathologists and medical doctors to diagnose various diseases. These include Crohn’s disease, colitis, colon cancer and gastroparesis.

Furthermore, Norvatis plans to add a microchip to drugs taken by transplant patients to help prevent organ rejection. Numerous other companies are in various stages of development for biochips.
Gastroparesis
Medical Anatomy
Medical Anatomy
Gastroparesis Diagnosis

Gastroparesis, a common problem in diabetics, is difficult to diagnosis. It is a condition problem occurring when high blood sugar destroys the vagus nerve in the stomach, thus preventing the stomach muscles from contracting. Prior to the Smart Pill the patient had to endure numerous invasive, expensive and frequently inconclusive tests.

The Smart Pill is a small capsule containing sensors and a radio transponder. As this capsule passes through the stomach, intestines and bowel it transmits important diagnostic information, such as the ph, temperature, and the amount of pressure in the stomach and the intestines to a receiver attached to a belt. Once the pill has made it through the system a medical doctor downloads the data to a computer, which gives the doctor an accurate picture of how the stomach is working. This allows the patient to receive treatment in a more timely fashion without invasive tests.
Glucose Monitoring Device

Another new continuous glucose monitoring device, which has been approved by the FDA, provides more information for managing diabetes. It looks like a wristwatch and while it does not replace finger sticks for blood glucose monitoring it does assists in ensuring accurate results.
Glucowatch
Doctor’s picture
Doctor’s picture
Summary

The diagnostic Smart Pill should help diagnosis and treat various illnesses safely, plus more quickly than the large variety of typical specialized tests. It is a great advancement for gastroenterologists. Cancers are diagnosed earlier, thus the chance of recovery is greatly increased. This is certainly a a great new field for diagnosing and monitoring numerous diseases.

The microchip for monitoring, whether you are taking your medication on time is still in the developmental stage. It will be used in Europe first, probably in the next 18 months. It has not been approved by the United States FDA.

Can Magnesium L-Threonate (MagTein) Really Make you Smarter?

What is Magnesium Threonate and What is it Supposed to do?

Magnesium threonate belongs to a class of supplements known as nootropics or smart drugs. If the whole health supplements market abounds in half-truths, unsubstantiated claims and huge leaps of logic, then nootropics are in a league of their own. The claims about strange botanical extracts, or fungus pastes, which will either ‘excite your synaptic receptors’ or have an ‘inhibitory, calming effect’ (both appear to be equally desirable), are not just unsubstantiated, most of the time they don’t make any kind of sense.

The evidence for Magnesium threonate is very different. It is actually based on proper neuroscience, by a team in MIT, and published in a peer review journal. And not just any journal, but in the very prestigious Neuron!

So what is magnesium threonate? And could it really be the amazing pill which will make you smarter, improve your memory, and stop your brain deteriorating with age?
Magnesium Threonate Facts at a Glance

Magnesium threonate (MgT) consists of an mg2+ ion chelated to threonine, a vitamin C metabolite.
It is claimed that the chelation increases its bioavailability, and that it can increase brain Mg2+ levels, unlike other supplements.
Studies in rats showed that elevated Mg2+ modify signalling through the NMDA receptor in the hippocampus and increase the numbers of synaptic connections.
Magnesium threonate supplementation improved the performance in working and normal spacial memory of young and aged rats.
All the available data on the efficacy of MgT is in rats. A human trial with a very small number of people was started in 2012, but the results haven’t been published yet.

Magnesium is an Essential Mineral, and it Does Act in the Brain

Magnesium L-threonate is simply a form of magnesium ions chelated to a fairly simple organic molecule, threonine, a metabolite of vitamin C. It is also marketed under the name MagTeinTM (for which a patent is pending). The claims about the ability of the substance to make you smarter come from two angles.

That elevating magnesium brain levels improves cognitive function
That chelating Mg2+ to threonine can in fact increase magnesium brain levels, in a way that other supplements can’t.

The fact that Magnesium is an essential mineral is not in dispute. It takes part in hundreds of enzymatic reactions and is important for the functioning of pretty much every system in the body including the central nervous system (see more about this below).

The big question is: how many people are actually deficient in magnesium? And if you don’t have a deficiency, will pumping more of the stuff into your brain actually bring any benefits?
Can magnesium threonate really improve brain function?
Can magnesium threonate really improve brain function? | Source
Jarrow Formulas Magmind, Supports Cognition, 90 Caps
Jarrow Formulas Magmind, Supports Cognition, 90 Caps
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Do we Really Need More Magnesium?

This is one of the Big Lies I see in supplement marketing copy everywhere. They write about all the important functions of a nutrient. Then they immediately jump to the conclusion that more is better. No matter how important a chemical is, the body needs a certain amount of it, and then giving it more is useless at best, and could be actually harmful.

It is actually quite complicated to detect a magnesium deficiency. A lot of the mineral is stored in bones, and blood levels fluctuate in any one person and are not a reliable indicator of overall levels.

Well the data from the MIT seems to suggest that getting more magnesium into the brains of normal rats (and yes it is all animal studies) does make them smarter. The assumption is that rats fed a normal lab rat diet are already getting the magnesium that rats need.

So what is the evidence for MagTein, and are there any problems with? But before we get into that, here’s a little primer on synapses, neurotransmitters, and how learning in the brain is thought to happen:
A diagram illustrating synaptic transmission.
A diagram illustrating synaptic transmission. | Source
Synapses, Neurotransmitters, and Synaptic Plasticity

Synapses are the gaps between nerve endings. The axon of one nerve cell does not actually touch the dendrites of another, there is a little gap between them. Electrical impulses cannot jump across the synapse, so for the nerve impulse to continue on its transmission, it has to be converted into a chemical signal, a neurotransmitter.

There are many different neurotransmitters, some are simple amino acids like glycine or glutamate. Acetylcholine and GABA are also examples of neurotransmitters. They are found in vesicles in the presynaptic neurone. When the neurone is excited, they are released into the synapse, and on the other side they bind to receptors. This causes either an electrical impulse in the post-synaptic neurone (excitation) or a block of further transmission (inhibition) depending on the neurotransmitter and the receptor.

But synapses are far more than just obstacles in the smooth transmission of nerves. They are at the centre of encoding memories and learning. Their ability to transmit a nerve signal can be varied, for example by increasing the number of neurotransmitter vesicles, or the number of receptors. This is known as synaptic plasticity, and is fundamental to at least some forms of memory.

Great Apartments at Even Better Prices

When I first looked at Arboretum apartments, I honestly did not think that I would be able to afford living there because of how nice they are. I have lived in several different apartments, so I thought I knew what the average prices of each were. I am so glad I was wrong about these. Of course, I was comparing Los Angeles apartments with them, and the cost of living is higher there. I am still a bit surprised that I am living in such a nice apartment for less than what I was paying for a much smaller apartment back in California.

I definitely wanted a two bedroom apartment even though my daughter would not be with me too often. Her school and friends are both in California, but I knew that I would see her on some weekends as well as holidays, and I was hoping she would want to spend a lot of her summertime here with me too. Because of that, I wanted her to have her own bedroom whenever she came to visit. Continue reading

Find A Smoking Cessation Program That Have Effect

It’s hard to find a smoking cessation program that’s truly effective. Most remedies on the market do little more than slightly reduce your cravings for a short time. That’s definitely not enough to make you quit! Still, you know you need to quit; after only a year of quitting, your risk of smoking-related heart disease is cut in half, and after five to 15 years, your risk of stroke returns to a normal level!

At Nicocure, we offer an innovative, all-natural solution that will help you quit for good. Our natural Nicocure pills are the safest and most effective products on the market, enjoying a 97 percent success rate! Compare that to the 20 percent success rate of most smoking cessation programs, and you can see why more people are turning to safe and effective Nicocure. These pills allow you to quit without experiencing the common symptoms of withdrawal like irritability, tension, insomnia, and weight gain.

When you use most quit smoking programs, you are still introducing nicotine into your system. This does not give you the chance to ever rid your body of the substance you are addicted to, so your cravings never truly subside. No wonder so many people start smoking again after a few weeks or months! Our pills use a combination of natural formulas that eliminate your need for cigarettes and other tobacco products altogether.

When you use Nicocure pills, you will still experience the “calmness” that you associate with smoking, because these pills mimic the effect that nicotine has on your brain and your body. However, you will not be introducing anything harmful into your system, and after 30 days or less you will find that your cigarette cravings have simply disappeared. With Nicocure, you can make a difference in your health, starting today!

Diet Alternative – The Best Spot To Find Weight Loss Products

You can find countless medical companies, fitness centers and dieticians who can help to get the best solutions to control your overweight. In this fast paced world, people don’t get enough time to spend in the fitness centers to burn out their extra calories. Hence, the best solution stands as the weight loss pill which can easily intake on their fast move to the office or work. We diet alternative helps you to get the effective weight loss pills to control your weight without more sweats or walks.

It is the real experience which makes the people to trust the weight loss pills. Marketing mantras or advertising words can’t make your weight to come down. It is the real working of weight loss pills which decreases your weight. We Direct Alternative is an exclusive review website of weight loss pills and diet pill. Countless people are sharing their experience with our site. What weight loss pill they used, how it worked, how much time it took to reduce the weight, what diet style has to be followed while taking the weight loss pills and all related information you can get from our website. Countless people round the globe are entering out website to read the reviews and to select the right weight loss pills for their overweight.

There is no more need for you to enter the door steps of dieticians or to make countless calls to your friends and relatives to get the best weight loss pills. You can get it from Diet Alternative with the expense of few clicks. Through this plethora of information on weight loss pills and weight loss programs Diet Alternative helps countless persons like you to change your fatty body to slim.

Diet Pills And Their Side Effects

Everybody wants to have a perfect figure. People want to be thin and that too with an easy way, that is via diet pills. If there are pills that can cure physical and mental diseases then why can’t there be pills to help overweight people. But before, you start consuming diet pills, learn about them, and find out the best one for you and the one which is being used by majority of people.

Solidax ADX

There have been no reported side effects of this pill. This pill is ephedra free and laboratory tests have confirmed that the active ingredients that are used in Solidax ADX are effective in reducing weight. Overall this is a high quality product.

Phentermine

This diet pill has some serious side effects. This diet pill can not be bought from a pharmacist unless you have a prescription from a medical practitioner. This diet pill is an excellent appetite suppressant. Remember that there are low quality phentermine available in the market, so be cautious while buying them.

Kava – Herbal

Some people might think that this one is the best diet pill just because it has the word ‘herbal’ attached to it. But there have been serious side effects reported by people who have used this pill. Kava Kaya herbs have caused severe liver damage to some of its users and in some cases it has proved fatal. So be sure to read all the warnings before using Kava Kaya pill.

Fat Absorber TDSL

This diet pill is quite popular and has no serious side effects. This diet pill works well for people who are on diets like Atkins diet which is a high fat, low carbohydrate diet.

Bontril

It works as an appetite suppressant. There have been serious side effects reported by its users .Also using this diet pill doesn’t prove to be beneficial as the lost weight is regained by the person once he\she stops taking the pill.

Xenical

This pill does not have any side effects and work as a lipase inhibitor. This pill contains Orlistat which prevents the absorption of fat in the intestine. This diet pill can be used by people with heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure, since it does not affect the patient’s metabolic rate.

Make sure that you collect as much information as you can about the diet pills. Read about their side effects and then only go for one.

Creative Ways to Remember Pills and Vitamins

Creative Ways to Remember Your Daily Medicine

Do you live in today’s modern world? Trying to juggle work, family and friends. Forgetting to pay a bill is no big problem. Forgetting to take medication can be fatal. What’s more, as you get older you will probably need to take more medicines.

It’s a truth – staying on top of the prescription medications can be an overwhelming. Be that as it may, there are genuine, workable strategies to help you to recall.

Most senior believe it’s no issue when we miss a pill, however this couldn’t possibly be more off-base. Seniors suffer from Age Induced Medication Mistakes (AIMM’s). This is a normal condition that is not to be confused with Alzheimer’s or Dementia.

All prescriptions drugs have what is called a half-life. A “half-life”is the time it takes for your body to metabolism 50%of the active ingredient in the pill. When you take your pharmaceutical all the time, your body achieves what is known as “unfaltering state”. This means that the in equal the out. The active ingredient stays at a constant level from intake and excretion (digestion system and discharge).

It normally takes six half-lives for a medication to achieve its consistent state. Basically, this is one motivation behind why it is so imperative to take your medicines routinely as you have been told to by your health care professional.

Regularly, medicate “bad reactions” may happen incidentally when the medication, trying to achieve its enduring state is interpreted. In the event that you miss a couple measurements you will be starting from scratch. It is obvious why this method of take and forget will not only not be helpful, but may even be harmful.

Tips to help you Help Remember.

1. Know why you are Taking Them

Knowledge is power. Know what you are taking and why. If the doctor tells you “Miss 1 day of pills and you will Die”, will be treated different then, “Take two aspirins and call me in the morning” Finding out about your pills positive effects is a solid inspiration, as well. This is particularly essential for conditions that have few, assuming any, manifestations to remind you like high Blood Pressure. It is called the silent killer.

2. Smart Pill Box

A Smart Pill box is more than an old fashion pill organizer. These use Smart technology to remember the user when it’s time to take their pills. Most have some type of flashing or beeping reminder and can be found at any drug store. Pill boxes have been around for thousand of years, but Smart pill boxes are a new technology. a Smart Pill box is extremely valuable for individuals who are having problems with medical Non-compliance.

3. Smart Phone App’s

Applications to help patients recall and track their pharmaceutical can be downloaded on their Smart Phone. Many Apps can even keep a complete rundown of every one of your pills, when to take them and if they have been taken.

4. Date-book Alerts

Perhaps you lean toward not to utilize a smart phone or simply like the basic strategy of the old fashion method of a paper schedule. This is not as effective as other methods. Mark your day by day measurements on a paper schedule at home. Simply make sure to use it. Most people start of great, but falter very quickly.

5. Tie Your Medication Doses with a Daily Activity

You can tie it to every day routines. Place your pills by the tooth brush. Set them next to the coffee pot or you cell phone. If you can make the pill taking part of your daily routine, you are much less likely to forget or over-dose. Make sure you don’t put the pills in an unfriendly environment. They need in a protection from inquisitive little children, pets and compelling warmth. Most prescriptions are steady at room temperature, however under great conditions, they can lose their intensity or disintegrate.

6. Get Help from Family Members, Friends or a Caregiver

Numerous loved ones take pills, and making a group to remind each other to take their dosages can be useful. The perfect place would be living with family. If that is not possible there are many other ways that they could help. In the event that you live alone, perhaps a Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA) would help. This entails costs and should be evaluated if family and friends can not help enough.

7. Ask Your Pharmacist for Help

Simplifying Your Medication Regimen is the first way to improve compliance. The doctor or pharmacist can offer approaches to your pharmaceutical regimen to make life simpler. In the event that you take a medication a few times each day, your specialist might have the capacity to locate a comparative medication that doesn’t need to be taken as often or can be taken with your other pills.

Ask your specialist or drug specialist which medicines you can securely take together in the meantime to restrict numerous day by day measurements. Make sure to verify whether you can take your pills at breakfast, supper, or sleep time. These have been the times most seniors use to take their pharmaceuticals.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9497548

Are Smart Pills Really Smart?

The pressure to remain on top at your job, to be able to juggle multiple responsibilities at once, or to stay young and alert often results in drastic measures. Amphetamines, whether or prescription or recreational, may seem like a plausible solution to give you energy and focus, but although some articles and medical studies tout that users can take over the counter or prescription meds without side effects or addiction doesn’t mean everybody who takes the pills will. Any drug, recommended by a doctor or bought off the street, has the potential to become habit-forming.

Methylphenidate, better known as Ritalin, is a stimulant often used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD or ADHD) in children. In some cases, adults have also been given Ritalin as a means of controlling focus. While the side effects of taking Ritalin are generally mild and rarely life-threatening, the drug may cause a number of discomforts, including sleeplessness, nausea, loss of appetite, and changes in blood pressure and cardiac functions. Since 1990, there have been at least 180 deaths attributed to Ritalin abuse (source: RitalinDeath.com).

Adderall, another stimulant used to treat ADHD, is also prescribed for patients suffering narcolepsy and, in some cases, epilepsy. Because this powerful drug is known to increase the heart rate and metabolism, there have been instances where users have taken the drug to stimulate weight loss. Side effects of using Adderall may include headaches and decreased appetite, irritability and mood swings, and in severe cases problems with kidney function, hallucinations, and drastic weight loss. While reports of deaths attributed to Adderall are not as widely reported as other drugs, abuse of the drug may lead to fatal conditions. In 2005, Canada suspended distribution of the drug after twelve children died from its use. (source: WebMD)

If you feel the pressure to do well in school or at work and believe a prescription drug is the key to boosting your energy and alertness, consider the possible consequences of taking medication. Consult with a doctor before taking anything, and explore non-drug alternatives to improving your focus and metabolism – a change in diet, exercise, meditation, more water. You may find a few lifestyle adjustments can make a difference. If you suspect somebody you know and love is abusing a “smart pill” like Adderall or Ritalin, consult with a professional rehabilitation doctor and know what options are available to help break the cycle of dependency.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/1851510

Flatten Your Abdomen With Diet Pills

Many people think that there is a complicated theory behind weight loss. However, it is absolutely a false statement. As the time changes, there are lots of tools through which one can obtain natural weight without making much effort. Few diet pills can be bought over the counter whole other are available through prescription. Meridia, Phentermine, Phentramin-d, Adipex, Xenical and Bontril diet pills can easily shed great amount of weight. Some of the weight loss pills come in form of powder and capsules. Prior to opt for a weight loss supplement, it is of the essence to converse with doctors. While purchasing diet pills, it is necessary to check that whether all ingredients of pills are safe to use or not. In case of prescribed diet pills, physicians closely observe the users and assist them whenever required. Maximum all diet pills are effective in lessening weight. Carb blockers, fat burners, Ephedra and various other diet pills do not encourage body to take extra food rather suppress the entire appetite. Weight loss supplements, diet pills and natural herbs can certainly improve metabolism. It is advisable to take right diet pills rather than going for a banned diet pill. Countless men and women rely upon diet pills in order to dwindle weight.
If an entity wishes to buy weight loss diet pills, then he can get in touch with weight loss center or online store. Plenty of online stores and centers give special deals and discounts on these pills. The best thing about diet pills is that these consist of ingredients which are not harmful for health. An overweight person can easily complete his important tasks by taking diet pills. There are boundless methods for losing weight and diet pills are one of them. Prior to take any pill, it is essential to know that how long these have been used in market. Compare the prices of diet pills will be a smart move to acquire inexpensive pills. Diet pills burn fat at faster pace and increase energy levels of users. It will be good if these pills are taken along with healthy diet plan and regular exercise. When it comes to purchasing of diet pills, making a strong decision is highly important. Safety and effectiveness should be evaluated before taking pills. Diet pills are perfect weight loss medications that have successfully helped obese patients to shed weight in a swift manner. Proper functioning of a body is indispensable and this can be done with intake of diet pills. The best part is that a person is able to get rid of his surplus weight and get natural weight without any difficulty.
Acai berry diet pills are considered as one of the best diet pills that are available in market. In order to acquire an optimal contour, diet pills should be taken on timely basis. Majority of doctors suggest overweight persons to avoid unnecessary eating habits to drop weight. Diet pills are best solution to weight problems.